The Pactum Salutis, Divine Agreement, And Karl Barth

This summarizes my own problems with the Pactum Salutis.

Out of Bounds

The question I consider here can be summed up this way:Can God agree with Himself?  What would it mean for God to agree with God?

The ongoing debate over the so-called “Eternal Functional Subordination” (EFS) of God the Son to the Father (also called ESS, “Eternal Subordination of the Son,” or more benignly ERAS, “Eternal Relation of Authority and Submission”) has opened up a number of related avenues for continued discussion. The conversation has stirred up questions of the will, wills, and willing in the Trinity; the relationship between God’s life ad intra and God’s activity ad extra; just what the ancient doctrine of eternal generation is, and why it has historically been regarded as crucial; questions of orthodoxy and heterodoxy, and what adherence to the creed of Nicaea-Constantinople entails; and more.

In this post I’d like to pursue a topic of special concern to those of us in…

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