Christ in the Summa Theologiae

Notes from Fergus Kerr’s After Aquinas: Versions of Thomism (Wiley/Blackwell)

ST recast traditional works about vice and virtue in terms of the human being’s progress toward beatitude (Kerr 163).

Prima pars: mystery of the Godhead

Secunda pars:   enjoyment of divine beatitude

Tertia pars: mystery of Christ

religio = religious life.  On a broader level, the Christian religio detaches us from earthly things to focus on heavenly glories.

The Fittigness of God’s Becoming Flesh

  1. Good as self-diffusive.

Motive of the Incarnation:

  1. The incarnation took place to deal with the Fall
  2. Incarnation
  3. There is a tension, though:  Aquinas holds that God is the diffusive Good, which seems to suggest that The Incarnation would have happened anyway.  Yet most fathers hold that it came about because of sin.

The Singular Man:

  1. Was the man Jesus sanctified/transformed by grace?  Aquinas says yes, appealing to Isaiah 61.
  2. The Passion
    1. Cry of dereliction on the cross: The Father withdrew his protection but maintained the union (ST 3.50.2).
    2. Jesus was simultaneously viator and comprehensor.  Thomas says there must have always been a continuous union because of the Trinity.
    3. Then what do we make of death, which is the severing of soul and body (if Christ maintains both human nature and divine nature, which the latter is still in union with the Father)?
      1. Neither Christ’s soul nor body was separated from the Word of God (3.50.3).
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