Currently Reading: Bruce McCormack, Karl Barth’s Critically Realistic Dialectical Theology.
Barth was a moderate socialist in his early years. This allowed him to oppose the Marxist revolutions while remaining immune to the cultural destruction of Germany after WWI. Said Germany was liberal and bourgeoisie.
The prayer “Veni creator spiritus” is the prayer of a person who possesses nothing which might be the precondition of doing theology (32).
Barth flirted with socialism simply because he saw the failure of liberal individualism. Barth was not simply anti-capitalist. He said that socialism and capitalism were created by the modern world under situations that Jesus could not have foreseen (88).
Barth didn’t reject private property; only private property as a means of production (Barth, “Jesus Christ and the Social Movement”).
However, the Socialist theme had receded from Barth by the first half of 1914. At the same time we see a new theme in Barth: the judgment of the wrath of God. “That God judges evil tells us something about God himself; it is not simply abstracted from the divine being” (McCormack 94).
“Where the command to let justice flow down like waters is not heard, there a chasm opens up between God and the worship of God” (Barth, sermon, 19 Jan. 1913, Predigten 1913, 220).